Last week I revived an email asking me to cover the general development of a child’s first year. Now while reading this I want you to keep in mind that all children are different in their development and may not develop at the same pace as other. There’s absolutely nothing wrong with a slower development, your child is simply doing what he or she is ready for.
Weeks One & Two:
- Eyesight- Your newborn baby’s eyes will be very sensitive to bright lights. Their pupils are constricted to limit the amount of light able to enter their eyes. Newborns are also extremely near sighted and are only able to see objects within 8-16 inches.
- Hearing- Your newborn will show growing interest in human voices, particularly their mother from the bonding, nine months in the womb.
- Communication- Your baby will begin the development stage where he or she makes their first attempts at communication, making very basic vowel sounds like ‘ah’ and ‘oh’. You will find your baby enjoys making these sounds and will probably do so repeatedly.
- Eyesight- Your baby’s pupils are now starting to grow and he or she will start to be able to distinguish between light and dark shades. Around this time your baby’s ability to recognise patterns will improve. He or she will begin to focus on people’s faces and respond to facial expressions. Your face will become your baby’s favorite thing to look at.
- Hearing- Soft music and singing will often prove a distraction if your baby gets upset.
- Eyesight- Your baby will now be able to track moving object with both eyes. Your baby will begin to develop the ability to distinguish between colors at this point and will show increasing interest in primary colors such as red, blue and yellow.
- Hearing- Your baby will generally like sounds that change, such as voices or music but might react negatively to loud sounds.
- Observation- Your baby’s attention will be drawn to bold shapes, especially high contrast objects like black and white patterns.
- Physical- Your baby may now be able to lift his or her head.
- Coordination- When startled by a loud noise your baby may cry, stiffen his or her body and legs, or make a protective motion of stretching out his or her arms and bring them back to their chest.
- Physical- Your baby will be able to hold his or her head up for short periods of time.
- Communication- Your baby’s reaction to loud noises will be more varied and will range from being startled, to crying or even being very quiet.
- Eyesight- Your baby will be able to follow things with his or her eyes and can recognise people at a distance.
- Physical- Your baby will no longer keep his or her hands in tight fists. Your baby will be able to lift his or her chest off the floor using their forearms for support. Your baby will begin to make smoother movements with their arms and legs.
- Sleeping- Your baby will start to sleep for shorter periods during the day and for longer stretches at night.
- Social- Your baby will begin to smile when you touch him or her. Your baby will now start to recognize you and your partner as his or her parents. Your baby will begin to smile at people. Can briefly calm, his or herself and may bring his or her hands to their mouth to suck on to help them calm down.
- Observation- Your baby will begin to develop an interest in reaching for familiar objects.
- Physical- Your baby will be able to hold his or her hands steady.
- Sleeping- Your baby might now start sleeping up to 5-6 hour at a time.
- Communication- Your baby will begin to develop the ability to laugh loudly. Your baby ‘coos’ when you talk to him or her. Cries in different ways to show hunger, pain and tiredness.
- Coordination- Your baby will be able to reach for toys with one hand.
- Emotions- Your baby has now begun the stage of development where he or she can begin to let you know if they are happy or sad.
- Eyesight- By this time your baby is beginning to develop a sense of perspective, allowing them to judge how far or near things are from them. This also helps them with their grasping skills. Your baby is beginning to be able to spot smaller things that are further away and are able to track moving objects better.
- Physical- Your baby will begin to develop the ability to roll from his or stomach onto his or her back and vice versa. Your baby will begin to be able to bring their hands together. Your baby can now support his or her weight on their legs and will begin to push downwards when his or her feet are on a hard surface. Your baby can hold toys and shake them. Can swing at danling toys.
- Sleeping- Your baby might now be sleeping for about 12-15 hours total including naps.
- Social- Your baby will begin to enjoy playing with people and will get upset when playing stops. Your baby will begin to copy facial expressions like smiling and frowning. Your baby will begin to babble and show expressions.
- Coordination- Your baby will begin to be able to move things from hand to hand.
- Eyesight- Your baby can now begin to distinguish between bold colors.
- Physical- Your baby will begin to be able to sit up.
- Your baby could start waking up more during the night to feed, and might not yet sleep longer than five or six hours at a time.
- Social- Your baby will often amuse him or herself by playing with his or her feet and hands.
- Speech- Your baby will begin to be able to make two syllable sounds like ‘ ga-ga’.
Six & Seven Months:
- Communication- Your baby will begin to respond to his or her name.
- Eating/Drinking- Your baby will begin a new stage in development by being able to eat soft foods with his or her fingers.
- Emotions- Your baby makes distinct sounds to show joy or pleasure.
- Exploring- Your baby will begin to explore objects by putting them in his or her mouth.
- Hearing- Your baby will now have started to learn to turn towards sounds and voices.
- Observation- Your baby will notice things that have dropped and will begin to look for them.
- Physical- Your baby will begin to be able to sit up without any support. Your baby will begin to pick up things by using a ‘raking’ action with his or her fingers to bring them near. Your Baby will learn to get on all fours and rock back and forth. Your baby will begin to be able to move by dragging his or her belly along. Your baby can reach for things in a sweeping motion with his or her hands. When your baby is standing he or she can support weight on legs and can bounce.
- Sleeping- Your baby should now be at the development stage of sleeping through the night.
- Social- Your baby begins to recognise familiar faces and begins to know if someone is a stranger. Your baby begins to enjoy playing with others, especially his or her parents. Your baby will start to enjoy taking turns with parents making sounds.
Eight & Nine Months:
- Communication- Your baby will learn to wave bye-bye. Your baby will begin to understand the meaning of ‘NO’. Your baby will use the names of his father and mother interchangeably.
- Exploring- Your baby will begin to show curiosity by closely inspecting the toys he has.
- Physical- Your baby will mostly like of started teething by now. Your baby will be able to move into the sitting position from his or her stomach. Your baby should also begin to crawl. Your baby will learn to pick up objects using his or her thumb and index finger. By nine months your baby will likely be able to to pull him or herself up into standing position and may also be able to walk while holding furniture.
Ten & Eleven Months:
- Communication- Your baby will be able to say words like ‘ma-ma’ or ‘da-da’ and know who they are referring to. Your baby will begin to protest when you take something away from him or her. Your baby will begin to gesture for something he or she wants.
- Eating/Drinking- Your baby will have reached the point in development the ability to drink from a cup with help.
- Observation- Your baby can now look for things he or she see’s you hide.
- Physical- Your baby will begin to walk while holding your hand. Your baby will be able to stand while holding someone or something. Your baby will now be able to stand with very few wobbles. Your baby may have learned to climb up stairs but not down. Your baby may be able to walk with one hand held.
- Social- Your baby might start becoming wary of strangers. Your baby might start to become clingy with familiar adults. Your baby can play games like peek-a-boo.
- Communication- Over this period of development your baby’s vocabulary will increase from two words to about five or more. Your baby will repeat sounds or actions to get attention.
- Coordination- Your baby will be able to empty a container of it’s contents. Your baby will be able to play with a ball. Your baby learns to bang things together.
- Eating/Drinking- Your baby will be able to drink from a cup without help.
- Emotions- Your baby will begin to show fear in certain situations.
- Exploring- Your baby will begin exploring things in different ways like shaking, banging and throwing.
- Learning- Your baby will observe and begin to imitate your actions.
- Observation- Your baby will start to find hidden things easily.
- Physical- During this period your baby will take his or her first steps. Your baby will be able to bend down and pick up things. Your baby will be able to stand alone unaided.
- Social- Your baby will begin to become shy or nervous with strangers. Your baby will cry when one of his or her parents leave.
- Speech- Your baby will start saying what seems like sentences in ‘ baby talk’.
- Thinking- Your baby will start looking at the right picture or thing when it is named.
This is just a basic idea for your child’s first year of development.
That’s about all I have time for today but I hope you all will be back tomorrow and I’d love you hear from you. Questions, comments or ideas.
Thank you for reading, now go get your mom on!
Blog of the Mom